The Republic of Guatemala is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast. The is capital is Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.
Its area is 108,890 km2 (42,043 mi2) with an estimated population of 13,276,517. In Guatemala 50–60% of the population is Catholic, 40% Protestant, 3% Eastern Orthodox and 1% follow the indigenous Mayan faith.
Guatemala became independent from Spain in 1821. After a series of dictators and a 36 year long civil war, Guatemala has witnessed both economic growth and successful democratic elections.
The country has 14 eco-regions ranging from mangrove forests to both ocean littorals with 5 different ecosystems. Guatemala has 252 listed wetlands, including 5 lakes, 61 lagoons, 100 rivers, and 4 swamps. Tikal National Park was the first mixed UNESCO World Heritage Site. Guatemala is a country of distinct fauna. It has some 1246 known species.
Monetary Unit: Guatemalan quetzal.
Credit Cards: Diners Club, American Express, Visa and Master Card are accepted.
Time: UTC/GMT -6 hours.
Electricity: 120 Volts at 60 Hertz. Outlets in Guatemala generally accept one of 3 types of plug: Flat blade plug, Two parallel flat pins with ground pin or V-shaped flat prongs.
Health Requirements: Yellow Fever and Malaria Vaccinations may be needed depending on where you are travelling from. This should be verified with your health care provider before travelling.
Major Industries: Agriculture.
Major Exports: Organic coffee, sugar, textiles, fresh vegetables, and bananas.
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